Succulents are known to overcome changing conditions and harsh weather. Starting your very own succulent plant can be intimidating in the beginning. I can recall my first try attempting to start my succulent garden.
Starting your succulent plant or garden requires patients and providing the right conditions for your cuttings to survive. After multiple attempts, I gained confidence in myself and have found starting my very own succulent plant to be rewarding.
Knowing where to start and selecting suitable cuttings is essential in the initial phase of propagating your succulents. One of the easiest ways to propagate succulents is by using succulent cuttings.
This process involves removing a part of the parent plant and allowing them to grow into a new plant.
In this article, I’ll walk you through growing your succulent cuttings, from selecting the right cuttings to caring for them until they are ready to be planted.
Can you grow succulents from a cutting?
As mentioned, growing succulents from cuttings is the easiest way to start a new succulent plant. Succulents are easy to care for and thrive in a variety of conditions.
Having the ability to grow your very own succulent plant starts will a cutting from your fully grown succulent. The process begins with taking a small piece of an existing succulent plant and using it to produce a new one.
How do I propagate succulents from cuttings?
Materials and Tools Needed
Before diving into the propagation process, review the materials and tools you need. Make sure you have the following items on hand:
- A healthy mother plant
- Clean and sharp pruning shears or scissors
- A clean, flat surface for cutting
- A container with well-draining soil or a propagation mix
- A spray bottle filled with water
- Optional: rooting hormone powder or gel, a heat mat, a plastic bag or container
Selecting the right succulent cuttings: The first step in growing succulent cuttings is the selection of the right cutting. How do you identify the best cuttings:
- Look for a healthy leaf/stem: Look for a healthy succulent that you want to get your cutting. Avoid plants that are infected by disease or pests. Look for firm leaves and stems, and avoid cuttings that are too mushy or soft.
- Start your cuttings in the right season: Spring and summer are the best times to grow your cutting. During this period, succulents are actively growing. In the winter period, the plant is considered to be dormant.
Let the cutting Callus: Choose the cuttings once you have selected your plant. The best cuttings are firm and healthy looking. Make sure to cut at least 2-3 inches long.
Use sharp pruning shears or scissors to remove the leaf cleanly. Ensure to get the entire leaf, including the base where it attaches to the stem.
Before planting the cutting, you need to let the cutting callus. Callusing means allowing the cut end of the cutting to dry out and form a protective barrier. Depending on the cutting size, this process takes several days to weeks.
Prepare the soil: Succulents need well-draining soil to grow correctly. When growing succulents from cuttings, choosing the right potting mix is vital.
You can either buy a pre-made succulent potting mix or make your own by mixing sand, perlite, and potting soil in equal parts. Adding equal parts potting soil and coarse sand or perlite to ensure well-drainage of your soil mix.
Prepare the pot: Once the potting mix is ready, you will need to prepare the pot. Choose a pot that is the right size for cutting and has drainage holes in the bottom. Fill the pot with the potting mix, leaving about an inch of space at the top.
Plant the cuttings: Once the cuttings have been callused over, plant the cuttings in the prepared soil. Make a small hole in the soil and gently place ht cutting in the hole.
Cover the cutting with soil, leaving the top of the cutting exposed. Be careful not to bury the cutting too deep, or it may rot.
Water the cutting: Succulents thrive in areas of little or no water and don’t require constant watering. Overwatering leads to rot; therefore, letting the soil completely dry before watering again is essential. After planting the cutting, you need to water it.
The simple rule of thumb is to water once a week. Succulent cuttings should be watered when the soil is completely dry. Check your soil moisture content by sticking your finger about an inch deep into the soil.
Watering the leaves of succulents cuttings leads to the cuttings rotting. Instead, water the soil around the plant to avoid getting water on the leaves. For optimal soil watering, it’s best to water from the bottom than the top.
Place the pot in a tray or bowl of water and let the soil soak up the water through the drainage hole. This will help prevent the water from sitting on the leaves or stem, which can increase the risk of rot.
Caring for Succulent Cuttings:
Propagating succulents from cuttings is a relatively easy endeavor, but below are a few tips to pay close attention to increase your chances of success.
Avoid overwatering your cuttings which leads to root rot. Monitor the soil moisture level by touching the soil with your finger.
Provide proper lighting for your succulents. Succulents need plenty of light to grow, but direct sunlight can be too harsh for them. Please place them in a bright, indirect light for the best results.
Prune the succulent cutting as it grows. As the succulent grows, you must maintain its shape; use clean, sharp scissors to trim back any overgrown or damaged leaves.
In conclusion, growing succulents and expanding your succulent collection is a rewarding experience. Select the right cutting and provide the right care to ensure your success in increasing your collection. Remember to give them the right watering to prevent overwatering and root rot.
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